It is time to give some of our favorite fall-blooming perennials HAIR CUTS if you want them bushy (and not top heavy and floppy) by fall.
Years ago Flora for Fauna owner Karen Williams shared some sage advice about maintaining one of my favorite native perennials, New England Aster, and I’m about to share it with you. Though this post is for folks with plants that are several years old and flourishing, not for brand, spanking new plants that have just been put into the ground this year.
NEW ENGLAND ASTER
2 HAIR CUTS: Memorial Day & 4th of July
New England Aster can get very tall and top heavy by the time it blooms in the fall. And the last thing any of us want is for its lovely spread of glowing purple flowers, nectar, and joy to be laying on the ground come fall.
To help it grow into a many-branched, bushy plant instead of a tall, gangly, top-heavy plant, all you need to do is to give it 2 hair cuts on or around the 1st two holidays of the growing season: Memorial Day and 4th of July. Of course these dates are not single-day events, but roughly when you want to give New England Aster its hair cuts.
As a wildlife gardener I don’t clean up and toss the cuttings, but instead leave them on the ground at the base of the plant. That way any caterpillars that went for a tumble with the cuttings can climb back onto the plant and continue to munch. Doug Tallamy (author of Bringing Nature Home, Nature’s Best Hope, and The Nature of Oaks) shares that 112 species of butterflies and moths lay their eggs on our native asters, making asters one of the TOP 20 perennials used by butterflies and moths for egg laying. Don’t be surprised if some of your cuttings take root and become additional asters!
Around Memorial Day, I cut each stem 1/2 (or 2/3) off (or about a foot or two off the top, depending on how tall it is, if that is easier for you to remember). I use big shears and just chop away. What happens next is that each cut plant stem sends out 2 or more new shoots where it has been cut, in other words it branches and becomes more bushy!
Some of my asters get regular haircuts from plentiful E. Cottontails (they must think our yard is one large salad bowl crafted just for them). I’ve planted the lovely fall-blooming, shade loving Common Blue Wood Aster, Symphyotrichum cordifolium, under our Tulip Tree and in our woods. Despite hungry rabbits it has flourished and spread into other beds, our meadow, the perennial garden, and elsewhere and that pleases me. It is so plentiful that it keeps the rabbits busy and away from most other asters. We’ve fenced our yard, so deer are not an issue for us. But other gardeners share that deer routinely give their asters hair cuts.
Around 4th of July, I give my plants their 2nd hair cut (not back to the 1st cut, but cutting back some of the new growth since Memorial Day). You may want to be more creative for this hair cut and cut the many stems in your plant different lengths. For instance, give the stems in the foreground more of a hair cut, the stems in the middle less of a hair cut, and the stems in the back just a little hair cut. This way your plant stems will bloom at different heights.
You may find that some plants haven’t grown as tall as others, so you may choose to pass on the 2nd hair cut for some plants. If so, you’ll find that these plants will bloom earlier. This staggers the blooming period so that you have New England Aster nectar, color, and joy far longer in your wildlife garden.
A bit more advice: once given hair cuts, New England Aster has “ugly legs.” The stems below the 1st haircut look “not so nice” . . . the leaves darken and fall off and the stems are quite bare. So you’ll want to have other perennials in the foreground blocking that view, so you’re not looking at ugly bare legs.
You can give 1-2 haircuts to some other fall-blooming perennials that grow tall and flop, so they’ll instead branch and become more bushy:
For some summer-blooming plants that grow too tall for your garden, you can give them one haircut around Memorial Day, forcing them to branch, become bushier, and bloom lower. I sometimes do this with some of my favorite summer nectar plants so that I have an easier time seeing and photographing pollinators on them:
You can always experiment on other fall-blooming perennials that have flopped in your garden. If you’re not sure how hair cuts will turn out on plants other than those I’ve mentioned, try giving a hair cut to one stem ONLY (or if you have several plants of Cut-leafed Coneflower, for example, in your garden, give one of them hair cuts so you can compare results with your uncut plants). Then see how your plant reacts and whether you like the results.
Happy Wildlife Gardening,
47 Replies to “Hair Cuts Needed For Some Native Perennials”
Thanks for the reminder Pat. The deer are my barbers!
Donna, since my garden and woods are fenced I often forget about deer browse. Thanks for that reminder! Many folks with nibbling deer have their perennials given hair cuts on a regular basis with some interesting results.
Just commented on a post that mentioned “Chelsea Chop” and I mentioned that the deer help me out, lol!
Hi Maida, Yes deer can beat us to “Haircuts.” I have a 6′ tall chainlink fence around my perennial garden, so deer can not get in. But rabbits are an issue. This year they nibbled my Common Blue Wood Asters (in many places) within an inch of their life. When this happens, the plant puts more energy down into the roots and the next year’s plants will be nice and robust. Too, some nibbled plants bloomed much later than they normally would have.
I have Bee Balm that wants to fall over. would that take a hair cut on be dates mentioned?
Joanne, Bee Balm is NOT a fall-blooming plant, so NO, you don’t want to give it a haircut . .. or you’ll miss all those lovely blooms.
Any ideas about my peonies, which are currently top heavy, for next year, other than staking them on a trellis?
Hi Mark, Peonies are lovely but not native. Sorry, my expertise is with native plants. BUT, that said, a great book that you’ll want to get than can answer your question about Peonies and many other non-native plants (and some natives too) is Tracy DiSabato-Aust’s book, The Well-Tended Perennial Garden. Get it and let us know what you learn.
Consensus is stakes and twine, light fencing or netting.
Pat, I want to thank you for pointing out that pruning perennials too late in the season may discourage the pollinators from deriving the benefit from the plant.
Hi Elle, YES, you want to be careful you don’t lose out on blossoms by cutting plants at the wrong time.
Will some of my “weedy” asters likewise benefit from this “sage” advice?
Not sure. I’ve been tempted to do this with my fall-blooming Common Blue Wood Aster. We might each try it with some of our plants and see if we like the results. Happy Gardening!
Tony, I did give haircuts to all my fall-blooming asters, including Common Blue Wood Aster and I am looking forward to bushier plants with even more blooms!
We went into the woods and snatched a beautiful NEA and planted it in our garden. They spread like wildfire and quickly over took everything. This spring we tore out roots where they did not belong and contained it to quickly realize we need to do this all through the growing season. Now I am going to take your advice and hopefully bush it out at the bottom. We love this free plant and so do the hummers, butterflies and bees. Thanks for your article on this well known plant, but often not put into backyard gardens.
I haven’t found that my New England Aster spreads from roots, but instead each clump gets bigger and bigger and bigger — and benefits from divisions ever few years. When I give New England Aster it’s haircuts, some times those haircuts take root and become new plants.
But I have found that the native New York Aster spreads with a vengeance from roots. It actually freaked me out and I dug it up from my “formal” gardens. Each year some comes back from a piece of root I missed. It sounds like the plant you found in the wild was New York Aster and not New England Aster. Both benefit from haircuts.
Happy Gardening, Pat
One of my gardening gang members asked: Pat, don’t (Pearl Crescent) caterpillars feed on NE Aster (amongst others)? By trimming the asters, wouldn’t I be destroying any caterpillars that are feeding on the asters?
I replied to her: You are right, Pearl Crescents and many other species lay their eggs on native asters (according to Doug Tallamy 112 butterflies & moths lay their eggs on native asters – to see the complete list of Tallamy’s TOP 20 native perennials and TOP 20 native woody plants used by our butterflies and moths go to his website: http://www.bringingnaturehome.net/what-to-plant.html).
Because of this, when I perform the “hair cut” I let the clippings lay at the base of the plant. That way any caterpillars can crawl back up on live, healthy growth.
Garden Gang member, Debbie Hendershot, from Columbia, NJ asked this:
Do you cut your common milkweed now (early June)?
Mine is ready to bloom its flowers (all are in blossom stage).
Do you only cut some or all?
In order to have Common Milkweed blooming later and full of lush growth for egg-laying Monarchs later when they are more plentiful, some people give their patch a partial haircut. You can see this process in the wild when a farmer mows a field with Common Milkweed growing in it and the stand comes back lusher than ever later in the summer. I’m never quite sure when to give Common Milkweed a haircut Sometimes I’ve cut some of my patch and it doesn’t regenerate (send up new growth), so I’m fearful of giving it all a haircut. I found one website that shared the following that leads me to believe that the best time to give Common Milkweed a haircut is early June:
“Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) responds well to mowing. My best experience mowing common milkweed was with a dairy farmer who harvested first cutting from a hay field (over 100 acres) where milkweed was very common. First cutting was lush and ready early in June. Milkweed typically emerges from the ground the first week in May. In many years the monarchs are only just arriving in early June so the larva and pupa death from the mowing are minimal if at all. The pleasant surprise was the milkweed fully recovered and bloomed late July instead of July 1 and produced a full crop of seed although matured a week or two later than other wild milkweed. [from: http://www.ourhabitatgarden.org/creatures/milkweed-growing.html ]
So, give it a try now in early June, but maybe not your entire patch . . . in case it doesn’t regenerate.
I think you can pinch/prune back Monarda in spring–I did this, because in my New England garden the poor bee balm got chewed up by awful worms in the buds last year. I read somebody reduced the worms ( tobacco worms?) by pruning the beel balm back so it bloomed later. This indeed seemed to help, and the bee balm I did not prune got ruined again by the worms. The ones I did prune bloomed very well and for a long time, and are being visited by swallowtails and hummingbirds (and bees of course).
Hi Lisa, Thanks for this great advice. Sorry you have caterpillars decimating your Bee Balm. Maybe photo one or several and send them into Bug Guide to help you with an ID. I don’t think they are Tobacco Worms (which become one of the lovely Sphinx Moths), since they lay their eggs on plants that are in the Tomato and / or Tobacco Family. Happy Gardening!
Should we be cutting them even if they are in bloom?
Hi Donna, New England Asters are fall bloomiers, hence these early haircuts so they branch and become bushier by the time they bloom. I can’t think of any of my spring blooming natives that I’d cut.
Hello, Enjoying the conversation. I cut back New York Ironweed today, and looking at the Helianthus, of which I have two varities in the garden. What do you think? Give it a chop for the fall blooming floppsies?
Hi Kim, I’ve cut back my Tall (or Giant) Sunflower,Helianthus giganteus, and been spared the flop! So, go for it. If you’re not sure, you can always cut back some of them and see how you like the results.
How do you divide the NE Asters?
Dig up the entire plant then split?
New England Asters are easy to divide. I take a shovel and slice the plant in half (in 2 chunks) or into 4 pieces/chunks. I leave one piece in place and pry out the other 1/2 (or 3 pieces). The piece left in place, if not too disturbed, will bloom at the typical time. The pieces pulled from the ground and moved to new spots (or given away to friends) will bloom slightly later, giving your garden more blooming time for New England Aster. Have fun with it. Happy Gardening, Pat
thanks for the tip! I never thought to haircut the asters!! and yes, ours flop all over by fall. will go give them a trim today. I also have trouble identifying them w/goldenrod
Will this haircut method work for Cup Plant?
Greetings! Any suggestions to get rid of the rose chaffer beetles that are eating all the flowers on my nine bark? Neem oil does nothing and the birds stay clear since there’s something toxic about these bugs. I’m hand picking them off but losing the battle! Any suggestions? Thanks, Pat. I appreciate all your tips!
Lisa – Dennis Township
I am sorry that I am just seeing your question now. I have a lovely Common Ninebark and have not noticed the rose chaffer beetles (yet). EEK! Sorry, but I haven’t had to address this problem, so don’t have a solution for you. Sounds like you are tackling them the way I would.
Great advice! This is the first full year I’m following these trimming tips (last year didn’t get these tips until July) and the plants are lush and doing great.
Thank you for the tips on trimming the asters. I’ve trimmed half of them for the first time this year. I look forward to their more bushy look and plentiful blooms.
In the past, I’ve put up tall metal holders that link together. That has worked well. It prevents the plant from falling over. The bees love having the aster nectar throughout the Fall. It also makes it easy to photograph the bees when they are moving slowly during cooler weather.
I’ve had a beautiful patch of Black Eyed Susan‘s for many years. Last season and this season they seem to be thinning out quite a bit.
Do you know of any disease that is affecting these plants lately? Also, some of them seem to have been eaten. What critters eat them?
The patch faces east, south-east, so it gets plenty of sunlight. I water them as needed. New plantings never seem to last.
Do you know of a garden center that sells single Black Eyed Susans instead of a large bunch?
I look forward to your answers.
Hi David, I do not have Black-eyed Susans in my garden. Years ago I chose not to plant them, knowing how aggressive they can be. But I have had a problem with my Mountain Mint patch thinning out. I wonder if you’ll find that the roots have just become too rootbound. That’s what I found with my Mountain Mint. Rather than dig them up and thin my Mountain Mint, I laid a fresh layer of Compost on top of the bed. That seemed to really help. Maybe it will work with your Black-eyed Susans.
I am also wondering about cup plant haircuts. My cups are gigantic by the end of July.
Hi Sarah, I do not have Cup Plant in my garden, so I have not experimented with it. Next growing season, why don’t you try cutting back a few stalks and see what you think about the results. I’ve done that with some of my plants, and then decided I either liked the results or did not like the results.
Any idea if Mountain Mint (an amazing pollinator plant) would benefit from a May haircut? Mine is already flopping over despite surrounding it with a short twine fence
Hi Nicolas, I’ve never given my Mountain Mint a haircut, but maybe I have a different more low-growing species than you have. Mine is Clustered Mountain Mint. I find it grows about 2-3′ high and remains upright / stiff. YES, it is an amazing pollinator plant, one of my favorites.
I just found this site when I was searching for an answer to why my New England asters are blooming so early (beginning mid-June. ) I still don’t know the answer to that question, but I know they’re going to get a couple of “haircuts” next year! Thanks for all the great advice! Love your site!
I didn’t realize I should give my ironweed a haircut so should I do one now? They are budding.
Hi Ann, you don’t want to cut perennials back when they’re in bud or about to bloom. It’s something you’d do long before blooming time. The hair cuts will delay blooming a bit, but you don’t want to do it “just” before budding/blooming.
Do you know if Compass Plant would benefit from a haircut. We have them in a demonstration garden and they always fall over. And are a bear to try to stake because they are so heavy.
Hi Tavane, I do not have Compass Plant in my garden, so I have not experimented with it. Next growing season, why don’t you try cutting back a few stalks and see what you think with the results. I’ve done that with some of my plants, and then decided I either liked the results or did not like the results.
That was what we decided to do if I did not hear back from you. Thanks.